Wainwright and arose out of panama city, florida when clarence earl gideon, a grade school dropout and drifter with a lengthy criminal record, was arrested and charged with breaking into a pool hall and stealing money. Clarence earl gideon, informs this court that i am a pauper with out funds are any possibility of obtaining financeable aid, and i beg of this court to listen and act upon my plea =2= on the 3rd day of june 1961 ad. In 1964, lewis, a two-time pulitzer prize winner, published his book gideon's trumpet in it, he described clarence earl gideon as a wrongly convicted florida man convinced that he was entitled. Gideon v wainwright, 372 us 335, 83 s ct 792, 9 l ed 2d 799, is a 1963 us supreme court decision that established an indigent criminal defendant's right, under the sixth amendment of the us constitution, to counsel in state criminal trials in 1961, clarence earl gideon was charged in a.
That man was clarence earl gideon his story was first popularly told in anthony lewis' 1964 book, gideon's trumpet , and later in a 1980 made-for tv movie of the same name the movie stars henry fonda as gideon. Gideon's trial in florida began on august 4, 1961 the court (judge robert l mccrary, jr): the next case on the docket is the case of state of florida, plaintiff, versus clarence earl gideon, defendant. Clarence earl gideon was arrested for a petty crime, and because he couldn't afford an attorney asked the court to assign him one his request was denied he was convicted and sentenced to five years in the florida state prison.
Gideon's trumpet - gideon's trumpet on the morning of january 8th 1962, the supreme court received mail from prisoner 003826 of florida state prison, also known as clarence earl gideon. Clarence earl gideon was a career criminal whose actions helped change the american legal system accused of committing a robbery, gideon was too poor to hire a lawyer to represent him in court after he was found guilty and sentenced to five years in prison, gideon took his case to the us supreme court. Gideon had mailed a copy of his petition, as required by the rules of the court, to hg cochran, jr, who was the named respondent in his case and the head of the florida prison system the state of florida did not respond within the required 30 days to gideon's claim, and, thus, gideon's petition was circulated without florida's brief. Gideon v wainwright (1963) summary this month we spotlight the landmark criminal procedure case gideon vwainwright (1963) the individual at the center of this case, clarence gideon, sent a handwritten petition to the supreme court challenging his conviction for breaking into a florida pool hall.
An analysis of the clarence earl gideon case in florida's justice system pages 2 clarence earl gideon case, florida s justice system, anthony lewis, the new york. The supreme's court recognition in gideon that lawyers in criminal courts are necessities, not luxuries, and its guarantee of the right to counsel in the state criminal process, has had a profound impact on the operation and aspirations of the american criminal justice system. This is how clarence earl gideon must have felt while sitting in a florida jail wrongfully convicted of breaking and entering in 1961 march 18, 2013, marked the 50 th. If an obscure florida convict named clarence earl gideon had not sat down in prison with a pencil and paper to write a letter to the supreme court, and if the supreme court had not taken the trouble to look at the merits in that one crude petition among all the bundles of mail.
The case began with the 1961 arrest of clarence earl gideon gideon was charged with breaking and entering into a panama city, florida, pool hall and stealing money from the hall's vending machines. Clarence earl gideon was accused of felony by the state of florida and did not have the money for attorney representation instead, gideon had to approach the florida court system blinded by the rules of litigation and unaware of the processes of making an argument. Born in 1910, clarence earl gideon was a homeless drifter who spent most of his life in and out of trouble in 1961, a pool room in florida was burglarized a single eyewitness testified that he saw the burglar leave the pool room carrying a wine bottle and money, and further testified that the man he saw was gideon. Relates how clarence earl gideon, convicted of a felony in a florida court, believed that a judge's refusal to appoint a lawyer for his defense violated his constitutional rights explains that the decision of the supreme court was a landmark in the history of american justice.
The respondent to gideon's petition for writ of habeas corpus was the director of the florida department of corrections, h g cochran, so the case was originally called gideon vs cochran that was the name when the case was called for oral argument in the supreme court. This aug 6, 1963, file photo shows clarence earl gideon, 52, the mechanic who changed the course of legal history, after his release from a panama city, florida, jail. Clarence earl gideon was arrested in florida in 1961, and charged with a felony for breaking and entering the circumstances of gideon's trial were eerily similar to those betts had faced in his trial in carroll county, maryland, in 1942.
All of us - all of you -- have a stake in a well-run justice system in the wrong circumstances, you could be clarence earl gideon, and you have him to thank for. I conclude by writing that clarence earl gideon died in 1972 (wwwnytimescom) as anonymously as he would have otherwise had lived a drifter, a loser, a little guy, who was used to the advantage of the big guys who wanted to change the criminal justice system and create tens of thousands of new jobs for lawyers. In what state did clarence earl gideon's legal case originate florida what latin phrase means in the manner of a pauper, and allows poor people to file before the supreme court without having to file the usual forms or paying the regular filing costs.